National climate change vulnerability and risk assessments in Europe, 2018

This report provides the first systematic review of national climate change impact, vulnerability and risk (CCIV) assessments across Europe. It is based on information and reflections reported from and authorised by EEA member countries on assessments that are multi-sectoral and cover the whole country. The purpose of the report is to share experiences and knowledge and to highlight approaches and practical solutions that countries have used to produce and present their assessments. The report does not attempt to evaluate or rank existing CCIV assessments; neither does it suggest that there is a one size-fits-all approach for national CCIV assessments. Rather, it has identified lessons learned and makes suggestions for further developing CCIV assessments in the future. The intention is to provide a  source of inspiration and knowledge for countries that will support the planning and implementation of adaptation to climate change in Europe.